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An air conditioner that turns off after 30 seconds of running time can be a sign of serious damage. But what could be the root of this problem? We researched for you and found the possible causes of an air conditioning unit shutting down after 30 seconds.
If an air conditioner shuts down after 30 seconds, this problem may come from an underlying concern. Some of the possible sources of this issue are:
- Restricted airflow
- Frost buildup
- Oversized AC
- Improper thermostat location
Fixing an AC unit that turns off quickly requires the correct procedure. Keep reading as we talk about these reasons in greater detail. We’ll also tackle some possible solutions to repair an air conditioning unit that shuts down automatically without applying manual inputs.
Why Is My Air Conditioner Shutting Down After 30 Seconds?
An air conditioner turning off after 30 seconds can originate from different sources. Some of these causes are:
An air conditioner typically functions by gathering warm air from the outside. Then, it reduces the temperature and blows cold air into the premises. But the AC may encounter needing to work harder than usual if something blocks its airflow. If left unchecked, it can lead to a system breakdown.
Some of the causes of restricted airflow in air conditioners are:
- Dirty air filters
- Blocked vents
- Ductwork leaks
Homeowners may need to open their air conditioning systems to check for possible clogs. These blockages can be relatively anything from dirt buildup to animal carcasses. Check your owner’s manual to identify the steps on how to open your specific AC unit. But make sure that the appliance is off before opening its outer shell to prevent hazards like electrocution.
Aside from dirt and dead pests, air conditioners may also suddenly shut off because of ice buildup on their evaporator coils. This issue can occur because of causes like a refrigerant leak or a faulty blower fan.
Take note that small repair jobs are possible if the problem with the offending parts is reasonably minor. But expect to purchase additional parts if the damaged components seem like they’re beyond repair.
Some air conditioners have systems that shut down after sensing that the adjacent space achieved the ideal temperature. For example, using a central AC in a fairly small room may turn off after approximately 30 seconds or a few minutes once it detects that it cooled the area quickly.
However, the air conditioner can also turn on automatically. This seemingly never-ending startup and shut down cycle can lead to further problems like:
- Increased humidity
- Expensive utility bills
- Shortened AC serviceable life
Read our post on how long should your AC take to cool to learn more about that subject matter.
Improper Thermostat Location
A thermostat needs to be at the correct location for it to function as intended. If installed near hot or warm areas, the device might signal the air conditioner to turn off abruptly. These installation areas can cause an incorrect temperature reading, which can make the AC shut down in about 30 seconds or a few minutes of runtime.
How To Fix AC That Automatically Turns Off After 30 Seconds?
Take note that the steps to repair an air conditioner that turns off on its own after 30 seconds often depend on the source of the issue. In this section, you'll learn the possible solutions to restore optimal serviceability to your AC based on the main problem:
Clean the Air Filter
Remember that an AC’s air filter works by blocking dirt, dust, and other filthy substances from entering your home. But this component works as a catch-all and requires cleaning if it encounters significant dirt and dust buildup.
Make sure to consult your air conditioner’s owners' manual to identify unique steps that may exist for this job. It’s important to note that different AC types usually have dissimilar filter cleaning procedures. For example, the steps to clean a ductless mini-split AC filter can be different when cleaning the same part from a ducted unit.
Also, ensure that the AC is off before doing any troubleshooting or repair job on it. Tinkering with the cooling system while it’s still on can increase the risks of accidents and injuries.
Here's a quick guide on how to clean a filter on a ducted air conditioner to give you a general idea of how to do this process:
What You'll Need
- Garden hose
- Climb the stepladder to gain access to the ceiling duct. Make sure to have an assistant hold the ladder while you're on top of it to avoid falling.
- Unscrew the return air grill from the ceiling.
- Slide the filter out of the grill and climb down the ladder carefully.
- Rinse the filter with a garden hose and let it air dry.
- Reinstall the filter to the grill.
- Close and secure air grill.
- Turn on the air conditioner to test its performance with the clean filter.
The video below will show you a visual representation of the steps mentioned above:
You might also find it interesting to learn about how to clean a ductless mini-split air conditioner. If so, read our guide on that concern to know the steps for that process.
Fix a Refrigerant Leak
A crack or hole might exist in the air conditioner if the appliance shuts off after about 30 seconds. The device tries to protect itself by turning it off since its coolant may be escaping from its framework.
If a refrigerant leak is the cause of your AC shutting down after a few seconds or minutes, you need to have sufficient knowledge and self-assurance to proceed with this repair task. Otherwise, don’t hesitate to consult the services of certified repair technicians to avoid costly mishaps.
But if you deem yourself capable of handling this task with minimal risks of errors, here are the typical steps to complete this procedure:
What You’ll Need
- Fine grit sandpaper
- Soldering tool
- Freon leak detector (optional)
- Turn off the air conditioner and unscrew the condenser’s encasement to expose its internals.
- Look for any visible signs of leaks. You may also need to rub against some parts with your hands if the location of the leak isn’t immediately visible.
- If you didn’t find the leak after using your hands, use the Freon leak detecting tool.
- Attach the nitrogen regulator to the appropriate terminal on the condenser and set the tool to braze.
- Clean the copper wires in the condenser with fine-grit sandpaper if needed.
- Solder the location of the leak shut. If you’re using an industrial soldering tool, make sure to direct the flames at a reasonable angle to avoid weakening the condenser’s components.
- Purge the air conditioning system after closing the source of the leak.
- Recharge the condenser with fresh coolant.
- Turn on the air conditioner to check if it runs without shutting off after a short runtime.
Watch the video below to see how to do the steps mentioned above. If you’re wearing a headset while watching this clip, make sure to set it at a reasonable volume level. The sound of gas coming leaking out of the condenser might be harsh at loud volumes.
Keep in mind that the steps mentioned above may not apply to every type of air conditioner. Again, don’t forget to check your owner’s manual to check for unique steps that you may need to follow to complete this task.
How Much Does It Cost To Fix AC?
The costs to repair an air conditioner, depending on certain factors, such as the unit's type and source of the problem. However, property owners should expect to pay around $168 to $605 to complete the repair job.
Also, here’s a short list of the average prices for air conditioners based on their type:
- Window: $50 to $125
- Central: $100 to $500
- Ductless mini: $750 to $900
- Portable: $80 to $250
- Geothermal: $200 to $700
Keep in mind that a unit replacement might be necessary if the air conditioner keeps breaking down after finishing the repairs. If so, expect to spend approximately $4,350 to $12,095 to change the entire cooling system.
If an air conditioner shuts off after 30 seconds or a few minutes of starting it, the appliance might be experiencing an underlying problem. The issues may originate from different sources, including dirty filters and low refrigerant. Make sure to apply the correct solution to avoid making expensive mistakes.