You want to heat water using your boiler but the vessel doesn't work. Troubleshooting revealed that its zone valve remains open. So why is the boiler's zone valve stuck and how can you fix it? We researched and consulted with different experts regarding these concerns, and here's what we found.
A boiler zone valve might fail to close because of reasons that range from old age to a faulty motor. Troubleshoot the system to find the main cause of this problem. Then, use the appropriate solution based on the results of your investigation to reduce the risks of further harm to the boiler.
Keep reading as we talk about these possible reasons why a boiler zone valve sticks open in greater detail. We’ll also tackle some potential solutions to help ensure that your boiler works optimally as you go through this post.
4 Reasons Boiler Zone Valves Stick
Boiler zone valves can go bad over time. These components may require immediate attention after 10 years of frequent use. You’ll know when the boiler zone valve is failing by looking at certain signs like:
- Uneven or no heating
- Water leaks
- Banging, clanking, or hammering noises
At this point, you might be wondering why your furnace sounds like crickets. If so, you can follow that link to know the possible reasons for this unknown racket.
Take note that the boiler zone valve should open and close when a user operates from the water-heating system. But a wiring issue may prevent the valve from going to a closed position, despite the user’s commands. Troubleshooting the boiler for loose and/or damaged wires may help you find the cause of the valve sticking open.
A boiler’s powerhead generally functions to send the signal to open the zone valve. But a faulty powerhead may also prevent the zone valve from returning to a closed position. This problem may occur when the powerhead’s position moves, which might otherwise make the paddle in the assembly stick.
Certain boiler models have motors to help facilitate the machines’ operations. A bad boiler motor may lead to numerous problems with the fixture, which may include the zone valve sticking open. Other issues that may appear because of a malfunctioning boiler motor are:
- Little to no airflow
- Unknown loud operating noises
- Motor overheating
- Increase in energy bills
How To Replace Zone Valve?
Aside from the potential causes of a zone valve refusing to close already mentioned, perhaps you may need to replace this component to restore the fixture’s normal functions. But make sure to follow safety protocols before, during, and after the replacement procedure. Doing so should help reduce the likelihood of accidents and injuries significantly.
Some of the preventive measures you should follow are:
- Locate the safety valve. This component can help you perform an emergency shutdown of the boiler if things go wrong with the replacement procedure.
- Document your process. Tinkering with the boiler often needs intricate steps, and getting lost in the procedure may result in further harm to the system.
- Drain excess water if needed. Additional moisture in the boiler may cause unwanted damage to the system while you’re attempting the repairs.
- Disconnect the boiler from its power source. Working with the fixture while it has a live circuit may put you at risk of encountering electrocutions.
After finishing the preparations, continue with this task by following these steps:
What You’ll Need
- Replacement boiler zone valve
Step #1: Expose The Mechanical Zone Valve
Remove the cover to the faulty zone valve. Next, loosen the screws securing the electrical assembly connected to the zone valve. Pull out that assembly and set it aside carefully.
Step #2: Drain Excess Water
Turn off all the water supply lines connected to the boiler. Then, loosen the nut above the zone valve assembly to drain the excess water from the system. Make sure to have a bucket ready to catch the water escaping from the pipes.
Step #3: Remove The Old Zone Valve
Use a clamp and an adjustable wrench to loosen the mechanical zone valve assembly. Pull out the old assembly from its mount afterward.
Step #4: Install The New Valve
Place the new valve into the same location and orientation as the old unit. Tighten it to secure it, but don’t overtighten the assembly as you may risk ruining the connection. Reattach the other pipe to the zone valve assembly afterward to complete
Tip: Clean the connector before placing the new zone valve. Take note that dirt and debris may prevent a tight seal, resulting in leaks.
Step #5: Reassemble And Test
Return the other parts you removed earlier, including the electronic assembly for the zone valve. Then, turn on the valves and restore power to the system. Check the performance of the boiler, and inspect if its zone valve works as intended.
Watch this video if you need a visual guide for this procedure:
Take note that the steps mentioned above may not apply to your specific boiler model. For example, watch the clip below to look at another way to replace a boiler zone valve assembly:
How To Replace Boiler Zone Powerhead?
Replacing a boiler zone powerhead is typically a DIY-friendly job. But you can still encounter mistakes, accidents, and even injuries if you don’t follow the appropriate steps properly. So follow these general steps once you’re ready:
What You’ll Need
- Replacement boiler zone powerhead
- Turn off the boiler, including its connected circuit breaker.
- Loosen the screws on the powerhead to undo the wires.
- Disconnect the wires from the bad boiler zone powerhead.
- Turn the old powerhead counter-clockwise slightly. Then, pull it out of its mount.
- Install the new powerhead into the same location and orientation as the old unit.
- Connect and secure the boiler’s wires to the new powerhead.
- Turn on the system and check if the zone valve now opens and closes as intended.
Tip: Take a picture of the wiring connected to the old boiler zone powerhead. That way, it should be easier than expected to wire the new powerhead into the system.
Watch this clip if you need to see a visual representation of this procedure:
Can You Manually Open Or Close A Boiler Zone Valve?
You may open or close a boiler zone valve if it doesn’t perform its functions automatically. Although it’s a workaround, paying attention to the water heater’s performance every time you use the system might become cumbersome over time. So it might be best to replace the faulty zone valve instead of going through the hassle of opening and/or closing it manually every time.
Is It Better To Repair Or Replace A Boiler?
Sometimes replacing the boiler may present you with longer-term results as compared to taking advantage of temporary repairs. However, the optimal path to choose may still depend on certain factors, such as:
- The cost of the repair
- Frequency of breakdowns or malfunctions
- Increase in energy bills (or lack thereof)
- The safety of property owners and guests
Think about these elements to decide if you need to repair or replace the boiler. If you choose the latter option, you may need to spend about $4,290 to $10,070 for the replacement job. Still, this investment might be more worthwhile than spending more money on frequent boiler repairs.
How Much Does It Cost To Repair A Boiler?
Property owners might expect to pay about $500 to $1,800 to fix their boilers. Take note that the overall repair costs may depend on different factors, including:
- Boiler type
- The difficulty of the task
- Location of the property and service provider
The parts to fix and/or replace might also affect the professional service fees. For instance, a zone valve replacement may cost about $100 to $300. On the other hand, a tankless boiler coil may require you to spend approximately $500 to $1,000 for the technician’s service and the purchase of the new part.
Remember to find the cause of your boiler's zone valve failing to close before attempting to fix the water-heating system. Tinkering with the fixture without troubleshooting it first may result in more expensive repair costs. Also, think about calling industry professionals to fix your boiler if you believe the repair job to be too much for you to handle.
If you’re looking for solutions to other boiler-related problems, check out these other posts: