Moving to a new home might make you wonder if it’s possible to plug in a 220V air conditioner to a 110V outlet. If so, what will happen to the cooling unit? Will it run on low power, or will it contract damage? We researched for you, and here’s what we found.
Homeowners shouldn’t plug their 220V air conditioners into 110V power outlets. One reason is that these appliances will lose cooling efficiency.
Additionally, the internal motor will be at risk of contracting damage if the unit runs on low power for extended periods.
One of the primary steps of taking care of electronic devices is to know about their required power outputs. Keep reading as we talk about the differences between 110V and 220V. We'll also tackle the importance of not plugging in a 220V air conditioner into a 110V socket in greater detail.
What Is The Difference Between 110V And 220V Air Conditioner?
One of the differences between a 110V and 220V air conditioner, or relatively any electronic device, is the current requirement. Both voltage options practically offer the same outcome, supplying power to the air conditioner.
Now, take note of this mathematical formula: power = voltage multiplied by current. Current uses amperes as a measurement coefficient, and power is in watts.
Using that formula, a 220V air conditioner will need 4.1 amperes to generate 900 watts of power. On the other hand, a 110V cooling unit will demand about 8.2 amperes.
But take note that the size of the air conditioner isn’t the only factor to think about when looking at its cooling capability.
Oftentimes, it might be more practical to look at the appliance’s British thermal unit (BTU), which is the measurement of the amount of heat required to run certain appliances, such as air conditioners.
On average, 20 BTU is necessary for an air conditioner to cool one square foot of living space. Therefore, cooling a 100-square foot room needs a cooling system of at least 2,000 BTU.
However, plugging a 220V AC into a 110V outlet can reduce the cooling efficiency of the appliance.
Additionally, most states in the US use 110V for typical household appliances. Other countries like Anguilla, Madagascar, and El Salvador also use 110V frequently. However, places like Bangladesh, China, and the Russian Federation commonly use 220V to power their electronics.
It's advisable to research these places and their commonly used voltage to avoid damages to your devices.
If you’re curious in learning more about the differences between 110V and 220V, watch the video below:
Also, read our post on electricity usage for central air conditioners to help you understand how these cooling systems work.
Can You Put A 220V Air Conditioner On 110V?
Although it's possible to plug a 220V air conditioner into a 110V socket, it’s not advisable to proceed with this action. The appliance will perform poorly, which means it’ll become less efficient than usual at cooling the immediate space.
Also, running a 220V air conditioner using a 110V power source can ruin the appliance’s motor.
Homeowners can either use a step-down electrical transformer or convert the 110V outlet into a 220V unit. Individuals without the knowledge, skill, or confidence to convert electrical outlets should hire certified electricians to handle the rewiring job.
How Many BTUs Is A 220V Air Conditioner?
A 220V air conditioner typically has 15,000 to 23,000 BTU. In comparison, a 110-120V air conditioner will generally have 5,000 to 14,000 BTU. However, it doesn’t mean that a 220V 15,000 BTU cooling unit will do better than a 110V 5,000 BTU model.
Despite their different voltages and BTUs, both the 110V 5,000 BTU and 220V 15,000 BTU air conditioners will keep a 100-square foot room cold evenly.
The 110V, however, may consume less electricity than the 220V unit, making the former a better choice for budget-conscious households.
Can A 220V Be Converted To 110V?
With the right techniques, it’s possible to convert 220V to 110V. Those interested in proceeding with this operation can take advantage of different options to accomplish this project, even without a step-down transformer.
The first choice is to buy an adapter plug that converts the 220V power output to 110V. The other option demands expertise in electronics, which you can find in the next section.
How To Convert 220V To 110V Without A Transformer
Electrical transformers transfer electric currents from one circuit to the next. It changes the voltage but not the frequency. But it’s possible to convert some electronics using 220V to become 110V devices without needing a transformer.
As a word of caution, ensure that you understand some degree of tinkering with electronics before you attempt this project. Otherwise, you can bring irreparable harm to the device. Also, you can electrocute yourself if you’re not careful!
If you’re confident about your knowledge and skills in electronics, proceed to the guide below:
What You’ll Need
- 12 amp 400V power transistor
- Rotary tool
- Mini wire brush attachment
- Soldering iron
- Soldering lead
- 120V Zener diode
- Grounding wire
- Wire crimper
- Power transferring wires
- Heat sink
- Remove the oxidation from the prongs on the plug using a rotary tool with a mini wire brush attachment. Repeat the same step for the prongs on the power transistor.
- Solder one of the plug's prongs for it to act as a ground.
- Bend the two prongs on the power transistor but leave the middle one intact.
- Attach the middle prong of the power transistor to the soldered part of the plug.
- Solder the negative side of the Zener diode to the soldered connection on the plug.
- Connect and solder the positive side of the Zener diode to the transistor’s base.
- Crimp a green/grounding wire and connect it to the remaining probe on the transistor.
- Connect a blue/transferring wire to the negative prong on the plug. Depending on your setup, you may need to connect more than two wires.
- Connect another green/grounding wire to the remaining prong on the plug.
- Attach and secure a heat sink to the plug.
- Connect the wires to the electronic device of your choice by removing its old plug and replacing it with this new setup.
- Test the new voltage using a voltmeter.
You can also watch the video below to find more details about the steps mentioned above:
If you found this entire process confusing, you can still purchase and use a step-down voltage transformer. But make sure that the transformer can accommodate the power output of your electronic device to convert the voltage to the correct amount.
Does A Central Air Conditioner Use 220V?
Most central air conditioners demand 220V or 240V to function as intended. Moreover, these systems are often the largest consumers of electricity when compared to other cooling systems.
Central air conditioning units might be more ideal for commercial establishments than installed in residences.
How Much Does It Cost To Run An AC For 2 Hours?
Running an air conditioner costs roughly $0.06 to $0.88 per hour. Therefore, keeping an air conditioner on for two hours presents expenses of about $0.12 to $1.76.
Keep in mind that many factors can affect the overall energy costs of running an air conditioner. These elements can include the appliance's BTU, the home's location, and the energy provider.
On the other hand, homeowners can reduce electricity costs from using their air conditioners by using cooling units with reasonably high energy-efficiency ratings (EERs). An EER of 12 should suffice to take advantage of an energy-efficient air conditioner.
You can also read our post on air conditioner usage if you’re not at home. That way, you can gain additional insight about optimizing your home’s energy usage.
Is It Cheaper To Run A 110 Or 220 Air Conditioner?
Both a 110V and 220V air conditioning unit may have the same wattage, which can lead to roughly the same kilowatt-per-hour (kWh) rating.
Although the 220V model will typically need more energy than the 110V model, two AC units can still have the same cooling capability, leading to similar electricity costs.
Don't plug a 220V air conditioner, or any electronic device with that voltage, into a 110V power outlet. If so, you can bring irreparable damage to the appliance.
Avoid this problem by using a tool like a step-down transformer or converting the appliance’s output to produce a lower voltage.