If cold air is coming through your furnace vents when the heat is on, then you should be concerned. But what does it mean if cold air is also coming out when the heat is turned off? Let's take a look at the possible culprits of both.
If cold air is coming through the vents when the heat is on, then it could be due to the following:
- Dirty/clogged air filter
- Pilot light is out
- Clogged/broken condensate line
- System needs more time to heat up
- Fan is on
- Dirty flame sensor
- Broken control panel
- Bad limit switch
- Faulty fan
- Bad furnace motor
- Failed compressor
- Clogged gas line
- Furnace is old
Now, if you have cold air coming from your vents when the heat is off, it could be due to the following:
- Attic isn't sealed
- Fan is set to "On"
- Leaking attic ducts
- Poor insulation
As you can see, there are several reasons why cold air is coming through your vents when it shouldn't be. In this article, we will take a closer look at each of these issues and how to troubleshoot them. In addition, we will answer other frequently asked questions about furnace issues, so keep reading!
How To Fix Cold Air Coming Through Vents When Heat Is On Or Off
A furnace plays a vital role in your home during the winter months, keeping you and your family warm. If you are experiencing problems with your furnace, such as cold air coming through the vents, it's important to take action and have it fixed as soon as possible.
When The Heater Is On
Let's first discuss what could cause cold air to come through your home vents when the heater is on:
Dirty/Clogged Air Filter
The furnace air filter is responsible for trapping contaminants before they enter the furnace. If this filter is dirty or clogged, it can keep the warm air from circulating properly through your home, resulting in colder temperatures. You can usually tell if the filter needs to be replaced if it's dirty and/or discolored.
In addition, it can cause the furnace to work harder than necessary and could lead to overheating. Also, dirty air is allowed to circulate throughout your home which can cause respiratory problems.
Pilot Light Is Out
The furnace pilot light is a small flame that is used to ignite the main burner. If this light goes out, the furnace will not be able to generate heat. The most common reason for a pilot light going out is due to a lack of gas flow.
Clogged/Broken Condensate Line
The condensate line is the drain line that carries water away from the furnace. If this line becomes clogged or broken, it can cause water to back up and leak into your home.
System Needs More Time to Heat Up
Like a sink faucet, if you feel cold air coming through the vents, then you should wait a minute for the system to heat up.
Fan Is On
The fan can be set to "Auto" or "On." If it is set to "Auto," the fan will come on when the furnace kicks on. If it is set to "On," then the fan will run continuously, which could lead to colder temperatures in your home.
Dirty Flame Sensor
The flame sensor is a safety device that monitors the furnace burner. If this sensor becomes dirty, it can cause the furnace to shut down.
Broken Control Panel
The control panel is the electronic device that regulates the furnace. If it becomes broken, it can prevent the furnace from operating properly.
Bad Limit Switch
The limit switch is a safety device that monitors the temperature of the furnace. If it becomes faulty, it can prevent warm air from circulating through your home.
If the fan belt becomes loose or breaks, it can cause the fan to wobble and create noise. This can also lead to colder temperatures in your home.
Bad Furnace Motor
The furnace motor is the component that powers the furnace. If it becomes faulty, air will not be able to circulate through your home.
The compressor is the component in the furnace that pumps the refrigerant. If it becomes faulty, the furnace will not be able to generate heat.
Clogged Gas Line
If the gas line is clogged, then there isn't enough fuel getting to the furnace, which will prevent it from heating up your home.
Furnace Is Old
If your furnace is over 15 years old, it could be on its last leg. An old furnace may not be able to generate enough heat to keep your home comfortable.
When The Heater Is Off
Now that we have discussed some of the possible reasons why you might be experiencing cold air coming through your vents when the heater is on, let's take a look at a few reasons why you might be experiencing this problem when the heater is off:
Attic isn't sealed properly
If the attic isn't sealed properly, warm air will escape from your home and cause your furnace to work harder than necessary.
Fan is set to "On"
If the fan is set to "On," it will continue to run even when the furnace isn't turned on. This can lead to your home becoming colder than it should be.
Leaking Attic Ducts
If your attic ducts have leaks or holes, warm air will escape, causing cool air to come through your vents.
Like leaking ducts, if you have poor insulation in the attic, then the warm air will escape before making it through your vents.
These are some of the most common reasons why you might be experiencing cold air coming through your vents when the heater is off. If you have any questions or concerns, don't hesitate to contact an HVAC technician.
How Often Should You Clean Your Ducts?
However, a few factors can affect how often you need your ducts cleaned, such as the size of your home, the type of furnace you have, and whether or not you have any pets.
For example, if you have a small home and you only have one pet, you may be able to go six or seven years without having your ducts cleaned.
However, if you have a large home with multiple pets, then you should probably have your ducts cleaned every two to three years.
If you're not sure whether or not you need your ducts cleaned, contact an HVAC technician. They will be able to provide you with a more accurate estimate based on your specific situation.
How Often Should You Replace Your Furnace Filter?
The recommended lifespan of a furnace filter is usually around three months. However, if you have pets or if you smoke, you may need to replace your furnace filter more often.
It is a good idea to check your furnace filter every month to remove any debris or dust that may have accumulated.
As mentioned earlier, if your furnace filter is dirty, it can prevent warm air from circulating through your home.
How Long Do Furnaces Last?
The average lifespan of a furnace is around 15 years. However, there are several factors that can affect how long your furnace will last, such as the type of furnace you have and the quality of the installation.
Furnaces are like cars; if they aren't maintained properly, they will eventually break down sooner than they should.
That's why it's important to have your furnace serviced regularly. A qualified HVAC technician will be able to clean and lubricate all of the moving parts which will help to extend the life of your furnace.
What Are Signs That Your Furnace Needs To Be Replaced?
If you have a furnace that is older but are not sure if it needs to be replaced, there are a few signs you can look for:
If your furnace is making strange noises, it may be a sign that it's time for a replacement. These sounds include rattling, grinding, humming, and whistling.
High Energy Bills
If you've noticed an increase in your energy bills, it may be a sign that your furnace is no longer working efficiently.
If you feel like you are chasing repairs, it may be time to replace your furnace. Unfortunately, this means that the components are old and unable to run at full capacity.
If you are having humidity issues in your home, it may be a sign that your furnace is no longer working properly. The reason for this is that a furnace that is not functioning correctly will not be able to remove the moisture from the air.
Excessive Dust From Vents
If you notice an excessive amount of dust coming from your vents, it may be a sign that your furnace is on its way out. This is because a dirty furnace filter can cause dust to accumulate in your home.
If you're not sure whether or not your furnace needs to be replaced, contact an HVAC technician. They will be able to provide you with a more accurate estimate based on your specific situation. And remember, regular maintenance is key to keeping your furnace running smoothly for years to come!
Before you go, be sure to check out these other related articles: