Heat pumps are versatile HVAC units that provide both heating and cooling by leveraging the principles of heat transfer. Instead of generating heat, they move it. In colder months, they extract heat from the outside air or ground and transfer it indoors.
Conversely, during warmer periods, they remove heat from indoors and release it outside, functioning much like an air conditioner. Their efficiency comes from their ability to move rather than produce heat, often leading to reduced energy consumption.
Two primary types of heat pumps dominate the market: air-source systems, which transfer heat between the air inside and outside, and ground-source or geothermal systems, which utilize the earth’s steady temperatures. These systems can serve as a primary heating and cooling solution or supplement existing systems, offering a sustainable and energy-efficient approach to indoor climate control.